Data Center Design & Engineering
PTS Data Center Cabling Architecture Design Service
Cabling architecture is the backbone of the data center network infrastructure. Careful planning and consideration is important when deciding on a data center cabling architecture while key concerns are scalability, flexibility, manageability, availability, and total cost.
PTS Data Center Cabling Architectural services provides a careful analysis of
data center IT key design criteria to determine the best approaches to take regarding cabling design.
Communications Cabling Design & Bid Specification Documentation Service provides the labor for the due diligence process to determine the full scope of your company's telecommunications needs, the design of a structured cabling system that serves those needs, the creation of various written documents in AIA format, and the creation of prints visually detailing the specifics of the telecommunications work to be performed. The latter documentation can then be utilized to solicit bids from potential data cabling company contractors.
This provides a company with a non-biased, independent, assessment of the current data center cabling infrastructure performance as well as design recommendations and specifications to eliminate scheduled and unscheduled downtime. The assessment includes a comprehensive computer room site inspection, determination of the full scope of the company telecommunications needs, the design of a suitable structured cabling system and the creation of written reports, prints and specification documents.
PTS' Data Center Cabling Architecture Design Service provides quality assessments, if current facilities exist, and new cabling design services to support data center build-out. These services fall within the fifth phase of the PTS data center project process.
Effective Cable Architecture Design results in:
- Access layer flexibility – This is the ability to connect any device to another device, as necessary within the data center, computer room, server room, or other mission critical facility.
- Capacity and service scalability – Space should be left to allow for future growth; cables should be the highest grade available to accommodate future technologies.
- High availability and fabric stability – Cable designs and deployments must meet required uptime in terms of mean time between failures (MTBF); they should also be adaptable towards changing technologies.
- Consistency – Running consistent cabling layouts at implementation of a given architecture shapes the foundation for future cabling.
- Easy operations and management – Allows moves, adds, and changes which can be done in a timely manner.
- A simple, deterministic topology – Makes troubleshooting easier down the road.
Quality Cable Architecture Design requires consideration for:
- Top-of-Rack vs. End-of-Row Aggregation – Network design within the data center significantly impacts the final cabling design. For most build-outs, network architects will consider either a Top-of-Rack or End-of-Row aggregation design for core network switching. A discussion between the network architect and cabling architect will help to drive the best approach for a particular data center build-out.
- Field Terminated vs. Pre-Terminated Cabling – Cables can be either field-terminated or pre-terminated. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages. Data center cabling architects need to consider both when determining the design approach as well as the aptitude and skills of cabling technicians. It is not always feasible to field terminate cables and pre-terminated cabling should be considered.
- Inside-of-Cabinet vs. Outside-of-Cabinet Termination – After deciding upon aggregation switch location and cabling termination, cable designers need to consider the termination approach at the cabinet or rack itself. The two choices include Inside-of-Cabinet and Outside-of-Cabinet terminations. As with field termination and pre-termination, one approach is not better than the other. Rather, the decision comes down to various factors.
- Copper vs. Fiber Media – The two choices for data center cabling are copper and fiber media. Cable designers need to understand the specific network design structure, expected distances within the enterprise environment, and current and future bandwidth requirements to determine the best approach to media.
Data Center Design
Discovery process to properly determine the specification and requirements of this project. Areas of research will include determining the following:
- General technology review
- Pathways for horizontal and riser distribution
- Horizontal telecommunications cabling requirements for both voice and data
- Riser telecommunications requirements
- MC & ER layout requirements to determine rack/cabinet locations and cable support/management requirements
- Equipment rack/cabinet layouts, i.e. equipment placement, patch panel placement and wire management
Written Specifications for the following sections of a typical Division 17 of an AIA (American Institute of Architects) formatted Contract. All drafts will be complete related to the technical design, manufacturer's requirements and EIA/TIA/BICSI standards pertaining to the telecommunications aspects of the project including:
- Abbreviations and Definitions
- General Scope of Work
- References and Standards
- Equipment and materials
- Execution / Installation
- Quality Assurance
PTS engineers will submit all prints and written documents in electronic format. The following prints are typical of a complete set:
PTS Communications Cabling
Design Service Brochure
(Registration Required) Floor Telecommunication Detail - This print will show drop designations for each type of telecommunications outlet required.
- General Notes & Symbol List - This print will have general notes regarding specific conditions and stipulations of the installation and will also show a legend for telecommunications symbols used on prints.
- Wall Plate Configurations - This print will show all variations of wall plate configurations as references by the telecommunications symbols.
- Riser Drawing - This print will represent the riser requirements for voice and data between floors and will show pathways, cable types and appropriate sizing.
- MC (Main Cross-Connect) - This print will be the layout of the MC room. The print will show racks/cabinets positioning, any cable support necessary such as ladder racking, any wall boards to be installed and riser entrance points.
- ER (Equipment Room) - This print will be the layout of the ER room. The print will show racks/cabinets positioning, any cable support necessary such as ladder racking, any wall boards to be installed and riser entrance points.
- Rack/Cabinet Elevations - This print will show elevation details for the general layout of the racks/cabinets as pertaining to the telecommunications needs of this project.
Typically, our fee as a data cabling company includes all travel and labor required for the successful completion of your company's project.
To learn more about data cabling services and solutions,
please visit the
PTS Data Cabling micro-site.
To learn more about other PTS Data Center, Computer Room, and Server Room design and consulting services, contact us or visit:
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